NASA LCLUC Yamal Synthesis:
Land-cover and Land-use Changes on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia
A synthesis of remote-sensing studies, ground observations and modeling to understand the social-ecological consequences of climate change and resource development on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia and relevance to the circumpolar Arctic
The overarching goals of the NASA Land-Cover and Land-Use Change (LCLUC) project are to establish a research transect along the Eurasia Arctic bioclimate gradient to examine the interactions between sea-ice, climate, permafrost and the social ecological systems of the region. The project is using remote-sensing technologies to examine how the terrain and anthropogenic factors of reindeer herding and resource development, combined with the climate variations on the Yamal Peninsula, affect the spatial and temporal patterns of permafrost and vegetation change and how those changes are in turn affecting traditional herding by indigenous people of the region. The Eurasia Arctic Transect traverses the five Arctic bioclimate subzones of the Yamal Peninsula and Franz Josef Land of Russia and offers a maritime comparison to the the more continental North America Arctic Transect. The work is also part of the Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative (NEESPI). It addresses the NEESPI science questions regarding local and hemispheric effects of anthropogenic changes to land use and climate in northern Eurasia.
The primary goals of the LCLUC Yamal Synthesis project are to 1) develop a better understanding of variations in Arctic ecological systems along the Eurasia and Circumpolar Arctic climate gradient to aid in interpretation of remotely sensed imagery, and 2) develop remote-sensing tools that can be used for adaptive management that will help Arctic people, government agencies and policy makers predict and adapt to impending rapid climate change and rapid resource development. Read more
Funded by NASA Grant No. NNX14AD90G, NNX09AK56G, and NNG6GE00A. More information at Institute of Arctic Biology Research (Search by Keyword: "Yamal")
Recent Publications & Events
Rapid Arctic Transitions due to Infrastructure and Climate (RATIC): A contribution to ICARP III July 2015 - The Rapid Arctic Transitions due to Infrastructure and Climate (RATIC) initiative is a forum for developing and sharing new ideas and methods to facilitate the best practices for assessing, responding to, and adaptively managing the cumulative effects of Arctic infrastructure and climate change. This white paper is provided as input to the Third International Conference on Arctic Research Planning (ICARP III). Read the report
Landscape and Permafrost Changes in the Prudhoe Bay Oilfield: Nov 2014 - Forty-six years after the discovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay, we are still learning about the ecological consequences of large-scale infrastructure expansion and the impacts of climate change in ice-rich permafrost environments. The Alaska Geobotany Center's new publication documents the most recent assessment of the long-term effects of oilfield roads on landcover and permafrost. Read the report
Arctic Report Card: Update for 2014: Epstein H.E. U.S. Bhatt, M.K. Raynolds, D.A. Walker, P.A. Bieniek, C.J. Tucker, J. Pinzon, H. Zeng, G.J. Jia, K.C. Guay, S.J. Goetz: Tundra Greenness [in Arctic Report Card 2014], www. arctic. noaa. gov/reportcard.
Rapid Arctic Transitions Related to Infrastructure and Climate Change (RATIC) Workshop at Arctic Change 2014. Ottawa, ON December 8-12. Arctic Change 2014
ArcticBiomass Workshop, Fairbanks, AK September 2-3, 2014: 21 participants from USA, Norway, Finland, UK and EU-Joint Research Cetner in Italy.